Effect of annealing on the magnetic anisotropy of GaMnAsP layers with graded P concentration

Seul Ki Bac, Sanghoon Lee, Xinyu Liu, Margaret Dobrowolska, Jacek K. Furdyna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have investigated the effect of annealing on the magnetic anisotropy of MBE-grown GaMnAs1-yPy film in which phosphorus content varies from 0% to 24% along the growth direction. Such variation is achieved by growing a series of GaMnAs1-yPy layers in which y is successively increased. Hall effects measurements on an as-grown graded film reveal that the bottom 80% of the film has in-plane easy axes, 10% has both in-plane and perpendicular easy axes, and the remaining 10% has a vertical easy axis. Such gradual change of magnetic anisotropy in the film from in-plane to perpendicular with increasing P concentration is in accordance with the continuous variation of strain from compressive to tensile as the P concentration increases the bottom of the film to tensile toward its tip surface. However, thermal annealing significantly changes the magnetic anisotropy of the graded GaMnAs1-yPy film. In particular, the intermediate region having both in-plane and perpendicular easy axes nearly disappears in the film after annealing, so the film is divided into two types of layers having either only in-plane or only perpendicular anisotropy. These dramatic changes in magnetic anisotropy of the graded GaMnAs1-yPy film introduced by annealing suggest that one can strategically use this process to realize orthogonal magnetic bilayers consisting of in-plane and perpendicular easy axes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022704
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) of Korea (No. 2021R1A2C1003338); the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea Government (MSIT) (No. 2022M3F3A2A03014536); the NRF under the BK21 FOUR program at Korea University, Initiative for Science Frontiers on Upcoming Challenges by Korea University Grant; and National Science Foundation (Grant No. DMR 1905277).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Author(s).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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