Effect of core materials for core fabrication for dental implants on in-vitro cytocompatibility of MC3T3-E1 cells

Jung Hyun Park, Hyun Lee, Seen Young Kang, Junesun Kim, Ji Hwan Kim

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Despite the wide use of dental materials for CAD/CAM system in prosthetic treatment, the effect of the materials, which are used as dental implants core fabricated, on cells involved in dental implant osseointegration is uncertain. This study aimed to investigate and compare the effect of single core materials used for dental implants fabricated by the dental prostheses fabrication process and the CAD/CAM milling method on MC3T3-E1 cells. Methods: The materials used for prostheses restoration in this experiment were Porcelain Fused Gold (P.F.G), Lithium disilicate glass ceramic (LiSi2), Zirconia (ZrO2), Nickel-Chromium (Ni-Cr) and Cobalt-Chromium (Co-Cr). MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured and used, the cell adhesion and morphology were observed and analyzed using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Methoxyphenyl tetrazolium salt (MTS) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay were used to observe the cell proliferation and differentiation. Results: CLSM revealed irregular cell adhesion and morphology and the filopodia did not spread in the Ni-Cr specimen group. Significantly high cell proliferation was observed in the ZrO2 specimen group. The LiSi2 specimen group presented significantly high cell differentiation. Intergroup comparison of cell proliferation and differentiation between the Ni-Cr specimen group and all other specimen groups showed significant differences (p <.05). Conclusion: Cell proliferation and differentiation were observed from the cores, which were fabricated with all specimen groups on cytocompatibility except the Ni-Cr specimen group.

Original languageEnglish
Article number284
JournalBMC Oral Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 18

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Author(s).


  • Cytocompatibility
  • Dental core materials
  • Dental prosthetic restoration process
  • Pre-osteoblast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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