Effect of design code and evacuation information on strategic location of Shelter in Place (SIP) in light rail station

Young Hwi Kim, Sun Jae Yoo, Tian Feng Yuan, Young Soo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this situation, it is necessary to establish and manage a SIP (Shelter In Place) by utilizing existing facilities rather than increasing the number of evacuation facilities. These facilities can be used for their general purposes and used as a SIP during emergencies. This study uses BIM software to model a light rail station and examine the elements of the facility that can affect the evacuation time to reach SIP. The purpose is to understand how structural standards affect the design of SIP using direct simulation. The study compares how domestic standards differ from overseas standards and validate whether the national standards are satisfactory. Since the proposed procedure is based on rational human behavior analysis through direct simulation, it is expected to be a safer and faster mode of evacuation in case of CBRE (Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Explosive attacks) situations if applied to existing infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1332-1347
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant (19CTAP-C151911-01) from Technology Advancement Research Program(TARP) funded by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group on behalf of the Architectural Institute of Japan, Architectural Institute of Korea and Architectural Society of China.


  • Evacuation simulation; evacuation information; building information modeling (BIM); egress simulation; shelter in place

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Cultural Studies
  • Building and Construction
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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