Effect of die exit flow conditions on air-gap film dynamics in two-dimensional film casting processes: Short Communication

Geunyeop Park, Ho Suk Ji, Joo Sung Lee, Hyun Wook Jung, Jae Chun Hyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The impact of the inlet velocity profile at the die exit on the film dynamics within the air-gap region was investigated using numerical simulations for both Newtonian and viscoelastic Phan-Thien and Tanner (PTT) fluids in isothermal two-dimensional (2-D) film casting processes. In an industrial context, intentional adjustments were made to reduce the inlet velocities at the edge of the casting die, effectively mitigating the edge-beads characterized by a higher edge thickness than the center thickness of the final films. By varying the inlet velocity conditions with decreasing edge velocities, the steady film dynamics were correlated with the onsets of draw resonance instability and frequency responses to a disturbance, which were determined using the transfer function data obtained under tension-controlled conditions. The results revealed that decreasing the inlet velocity at the edge improved not only the formation of films but also the process stability for both Newtonian and viscoelastic fluids. In addition, the sensitivity or frequency response to a disturbance was effectively reduced by decreasing the inlet velocity at the edge. This observed impact of the inlet velocity was closely related to the increased tension levels at take-up and a greater portion of the neck-like deformation type in the air-gap region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105182
JournalJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
Volume324
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Die exit flow
  • Draw resonance
  • Edge-beads
  • Film casting process
  • Flow type parameter
  • Frequency response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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