Objective: To analyze the effects of direct vertebral rotation (DVR) on radiologic outcomes in the treatment of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis after selective thoracic fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation. Methods: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with single thoracic curves (n = 110) treated by selective thoracic fusion with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were separated into 2 groups: non-DVR (n = 63) and DVR (n = 47). Results: There was a significant difference in fused segments between the non-DVR and DVR groups (P < 0.001). There was also a significant difference in main thoracic curve postoperatively (P = 0.001) and at the last follow-up (P = 0.006) between the non-DVR and DVR groups. However, there was no significant difference in proximal thoracic and lumbar curves postoperatively (proximal thoracic curve: P = 0.186; lumbar curve: P = 0.155) and at the last follow-up (proximal thoracic curve: P = 0.250; lumbar curve: P = 0.060) between the 2 groups. Significant improvements in the lowest instrumented vertebra tilt and disc angle were noted but then slight deteriorations in such were observed during the follow-up period in the non-DVR group. The prevalence of unsatisfactory results was 20.6% (13 of 63) in the non-DVR group and 19.1% (9 of 47) in the DVR group, with no significant difference (P = 0.522). Conclusions: For correcting single thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis by selective thoracic fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation, the addition of DVR to the surgical procedure showed comparable radiologic outcomes compared with non-DVR procedures.
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Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare that the article content was composed in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. This research was supported by the 2018 Inje University Research Grant.
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.
- Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
- Fusion level
- Pedicle screw instrumentation
- Selective thoracic fusion
- Thoracic scoliosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology