The baking quality of frozen doughs containing different levels of fructo-oligosaccharides (FO) or isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMO) (3–9%, w/w flour), and stored for 0–8 weeks at −18 °C, was examined. The addition of FO or IMO increased the proof volume of the dough and the loaf volume of bread prepared from frozen dough. A 6% addition of FO or IMO was optimum, giving the highest proof volume and bread loaf volume, but a higher concentration than 6% induced low baking quality including lower proof volume and bread loaf volume. The bread crumb was moister and softer after the addition of FO or IMO before, and even after, frozen storage. Darker crumb colour was observed in the bread after the addition of FO or IMO. The oligosaccharides added to the frozen dough were effective in improving the quality of bread made from frozen dough, except for resulting in a darker bread crumb.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a Korea University Grant. The assistance of Institute of Biomedical Science & Food Safety, Korea University Food Safety Hall is also acknowledged.
- Baking quality
- Frozen dough
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Food Science