Effect of H 2 sputter gas on interfacial mixing in spin valves

Whang Gi Ahn, Seong Rae Lee

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3 Citations (Scopus)


We introduced the use of hydrogen during the deposition of spin valves to achieve better control of interfacial mixing, especially for bottom spin valves (B-SV). The hydrogen was introduced during deposition of the CoFe or IrMn layer depending on whether it was a B-SV or a top spin valve (T-SV). The magnetoresistance ratio and Hex increased to 15% and 30%, respectively, when hydrogen (10 vol %) was introduced for a B-SV. By contrast, the hydrogen effect for a T-SV was small. Using hydrogen (10 vol %), the surface of the SV was smoother (1.01 nm) than without hydrogen (1.94 nm). In addition, the SV with hydrogen had a well-developed (111) texture and larger grains. By introducing hydrogen, we could control the microstructure and reduce the intermixing between CoFe and IrMn, especially for B-SVs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10N707
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2005 May 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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