Effect of hydrocolloid addition on dimensional stability in post-processing of 3D printable cookie dough

Hyun Woo Kim, Il Joo Lee, Sea Mi Park, Jang Ho Lee, Minh Hiep Nguyen, Hyun Jin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides a solution to the problem of the deformation of 3D printed cookie products during post-processing such as baking. The influence of the incorporation of hydrocolloids on the dimensional stability of the cookie dough during temperature variations was investigated. Methylcellulose and xanthan gum were blended in mass fractions of 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 g/100 g dough basis. In dynamic viscoelasticity experiments, during the temperature sweep, the cookie doughs with methylcellulose showed losses in storage modulus (G′) and loss modulus (G″) that were comparable to those of the control samples. Although the incorporated xanthan gum exhibited high structural retention owing to its high shear modulus, its low extrudability resulted in a high extrusion hardness and poor 3D printing performance. In the post-processing, sufficient dimensional stability was observed even with a xanthan gum incorporation of 0.5 g/100 g. Moreover, the heat-resistant 3D printable cookie samples with 0.5 g/100 g xanthan gum exhibited a texture profile having a hardness and fracturability similar to those of the control cookies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Technology Development Program ( C0512723 ) funded by the Ministry of SMEs and Startups (MSS, Korea). This research investigation was also supported by School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology for BK21PLUS, Korea University and a grant from the Institute of Biomedical Science & Food Safety , Korea University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • 3D food printing
  • Cookie dough
  • Heat resistance
  • Hydrocolloid
  • Post-processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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