Effect of Oral Apraxia on Dysphagia in Patients with Subacute Stroke

Jei Hak Myung, Sung Bom Pyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Aim of this study was to investigate the effect of post-stroke oral apraxia on dysphagia in patients with subacute stroke. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 130 supratentorial stroke patients from January 2015 to February 2021 who underwent a formal limb and oral apraxia test and videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS), and we compared the patients in two groups: the apraxia and non-apraxia (oral apraxia score > 45 and ≤ 45 points, respectively). All the patients participated in the standardized testing battery. The test variables were videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS), oral transit time (OTT), pharyngeal delay time (PDT), pharyngeal transit time, and penetration-aspiration scale (PAS); we conducted multivariable regression analysis with those parameters to confirm the significance of oral apraxia as a clinical determinant of post-stroke dysphagia. The mean oral apraxia scores were 38.4 and 47.6 points in the apraxia and non-apraxia groups, respectively (p < 0.001). The apraxia group had a higher proportion of delayed OTT for the 2-mL-thick liquid than the non-apraxia group (17.6% and 4.2%, respectively; p = 0.011). Oral apraxia was a significant determinant of VDS (p < 0.001), delayed OTT of 2-mL-thick liquids (p = 0.028), delayed PDT of cup drinking for thin liquid (p = 0.044), and PAS scores (p = 0.003). The presence of oral apraxia was significantly associated with dysphagia, especially with the VFSS parameters of the oral phase (thick liquid), pharyngeal phase (cup drinking for thin liquid) of swallowing, and increased risk of aspiration in subacute stroke patients. Thus, a formal assessment of oral apraxia is needed for stroke patients with dysphagia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-235
Number of pages9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the National Research Foundation of the Korean Government (NRF-2022R1A2B5B02001673).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Apraxias
  • Cognitive dysfunction
  • Deglutition disorders
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Speech and Hearing


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