For pure hydrogen separation, palladium was deposited on surface-treated polybenzimidazole (PBI-HFA, 4,4′-(hexafluroisopropylidene)bis(benzoic acid)) via the vacuum electroless plating technique (VELP). Since the hydrophobic characteristics of the polymer surface restrict strong adhesion of Pd on it and cause the peel-off of Pd film, various surface treatments have been employed. To increase the number of Pd anchoring sites on the PBI-HFA surface, mechanical abrasion (polishing) was applied, and to increase the hydrophilicity of the PBI-HFA surface, wet-chemical and O2 plasma treatment (dry etching) were used. The thickness and effective permeating area of the deposited Pd films on the PBI-HFA membranes were estimated to be in the range of 160–340 nm and 8.3 cm2, respectively. Among the tested membranes, membranes with Pd layers deposited on O2 plasma treated PBI-HFA surfaces had the most uniform microstructure and the least number of defects compared to the other membranes. Gas permeation experiments were performed as a function of temperature and pressure. The gases used in the permeation measurements were H2, N2, CO2, and CO (99.9% purity). A Pd-O230 m membrane, fabricated by O2 plasma surface treatment during 30 min, exhibited superior gas separation performance (H2 permeability of 275.5 Barrer), and proved to be impermeable to carbon monoxide. Enhancement of H2 permselectivity of Pd/PBI-HFA composite membrane treated by O2 plasma shows promising hydrogen separation membrane.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the New and Renewable Energy Core Technology Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) by a grant from the financial resources of the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy, Republic of Korea (No. 20153010031930, 2MR3100). This research is also partially supported by the KIST Institutional Program of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (2E26590).
© 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC
- Chemical etching
- Hydrogen separation
- O plasma surface treatment
- Pd composite membrane
- Polybenzimidazole (PBI-HFA)
- Vacuum electroless plating (VELP)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology