The genetically epilepsy-prone rat (GEPR) is a model of generalized tonic/clonic epilepsy, and has functional noradrenergic deficiencies that act as partial determinants for the seizure predisposition and expression. The present study investigated the effect of repeated seizure experiences by acoustic stimulation (110 dB, 10 times) on the immunoreactivities of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), a rate-determining enzyme in the synthesis of norepinephrine, in brain regions of GEPRs. TH immunoreactivity in locus coeruleus, the major noradrenergic nucleus in brain, was lower in GEPRs than control Sprague-Dawley rats. It was also decreased in several regions including inferior colliculus of GEPRs. Repeated experiences of audiogenic seizures further decreased TH immunoreactivities in locus coeruleus and inferior colliculus of GEPRs. The results from the present study suggest that the lower immunoreactivities of TH in locus coeruleus and inferior colliculus contribute, at least in part, to the noradrenergic deficits in GEPRs, and repeated seizure experiences further intensified these noradrenergic deficits, which may be related to the altered seizure expression by repetitive audiogenic seizure in GEPRs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by a grant of “the good health R & D project (1999)” from the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea. This study was also supported in part by BK21 project (1999) for Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacy.
- Genetically epilepsy-prone rat
- Inferior colliculus
- Locus coeruleus
- Repeated audiogenic seizures
- Tyrosine hydroxyalse
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Neuroscience