Effect of Si content on wettability of dual phase high strength steels by liquid Zn-0.23 wt.%Al

Yunkyum Kim, Joonho Lee, Joongchul Park, Sun Ho Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The wettability of dual phase steels by liquid Zn-0.23 wt.%Al at 450 °C (723 K) was investigated using the dispensed sessile drop method. Dual phase steels of six different Si contents (0 wt.%, 0.12 wt.%, 0.18 wt.%, 0.3 wt.%, 0.5 wt.%, and 1.0 wt.%) annealed in a 15 %H2-N2 gas atmosphere at a dew point of-60 °C (213 K) were examined. As the Si content increased from 0 wt.% to 0.5 wt.%, the wettability worsened. However, as the Si content increased to 1.0 wt.%, the wettability improved to be better than that of the 0.3 wt.%Si steel. Based on the surface oxide analysis results using SEM, FT-IR, and TEM analyses, the effect of the surface oxide type on the wettability is discussed. Although the morphology of the nanometer-sized surface oxides did not change, the surface oxides changed from MnO to Mn2SiO 4 to MnSiO3 and then to SiO2 as the Si content increased. After comparison of the present results with the wettability of pure oxides, it was concluded that the coating property of the dual phase high strength steel was more closely related to the type of surface oxide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-611
Number of pages5
JournalMetals and Materials International
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug


  • galvanization
  • metals
  • surface oxides
  • transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
  • wetting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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