The application of the cosolvency sorption model to predict the sorption of carboxylic acids in cosolvent systems was found to be problematic. The cause of the discrepancy was investigated by analyzing the solubility (Sm) and sorption (Km, linear sorption coefficient) of the pesticide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) on metal-saturated kaolinites, as a function of methanol volume fraction (fc) and apparent solution pH. The possible formation of a coordination compound during the hydrophilic interaction of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate in methanol-water mixture was identified using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The Sm of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate increased with increasing fc. Thus, the shift of activity of solute occurred in the liquid phase was not significant for determining the cause of the positive Km-fc relationship. However, Km value of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate on the metal-saturated kaolinite increased log-linearly with fc. The ATR-FTIR results on surface coordination of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate on the metal-saturated kaolinite surface showed that bidentate coordination is more likely to occur instead of a bridging coordination with increasing fc. Therefore, it can be reasonably concluded that the positive Km-fc relationship is due to the charge-related hydrophilic interaction through bidentate coordination of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate, and it increases with increasing positive charge density on the kaolinites, as a function of fc.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NFR) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2013R1A1A3013116).
- 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid
- Coordination type
- Hydrophilic sorption
- Methanol mixture
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- General Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis