Effect of the flow directions on a 100 cm2 MCFC single cell with internal flow channels

Chang Whan Lee, Mihui Lee, Min Jae Lee, Seong Cheol Chang, Sung Pil Yoon, Hyung Chul Ham, Jonghee Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, the effect of the flow direction on a newly designed 100 cm2 cell frames with internal flow channels for molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFCs) was investigated using three-dimensional fluid dynamic analysis. Simulation results were compared with the experimental results for verification. From the simulation, the performance, pressure drop, flow field, and gas mole fractions inside the cell frame were studied. In the performance of the single cell, only small difference was observed between co-flow and counter-flow; however, counter-flow resulted in a more uniform distribution of the current density without any hot-spots. For counter-flow, a uniform distribution of the current density could be achieved by controlling the current density or gas utilization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18747-18760
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 2

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the Renewable Energy R&D Program (2MR4030, No. 20143010031830 ) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) and the KIST institutional program for the Korea Institute of Science and Technology ( 2E26590 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Cell frame
  • Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • Molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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