(1-x)Pb(Zr0.47Ti0.53)O3-xPb[(Ni 0.6Zn0.4)1/3Nb2/3]O3 [(1-x)PZT-xP(NZ)N] ceramics with 0.22 ≤ x ≤ 0.45232 have the tetragonal-pseudocubic morphotropic phase boundary (MPB). Their ε33T/ε0 values considerably decreased but their d33 values slowly decreased on the pseudocubic side of the MPB. Therefore, high d33 × g33 values were obtained from a composition on the pseudocubic of the MPB because g33 is given as d33/ε33T. In particular, a very high d33 g33 value of 20 134 10-15 m 2/N was observed from the 0.7PZT-0.3P(NZ)N ceramic sintered at 1000 °C for 2 h, which had a pseudocubic structure. The 0.7PZT-0.3 P(NZ)N ceramic sintered at 950 °C also exhibited a similar d33 × g 33 value of 20 179 10-15 m2/N but it considerably decreased to 12 474 10-15 m2/N for the 0.7PZT-0.3P(NZ)N ceramic sintered at 1100 °C for 2 h, which can be explained by the increased ε33T value that resulted from the increased grain size. The grain size of this ceramic decreased as the sintering time decreased, resulting in an increase of the d33 × g 33 value due to the decreasing ε33T value. The high d33 × g33 value of 19 572 10-15 m2/N was also obtained from the 0.7PZT-0.3 P(NZ)N ceramic sintered at 1100 C for 5.0 min, indicating that grain size is also important for obtaining a specimen with a high d33 × g33 value.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the New and Renewable Energy of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning(KETEP) grant funded by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Republic of Korea.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)