Effect of Thermal Charging of Hydrogen on the Microstructure of Metastable Austenitic Stainless Steel

Han Jin Kim, M. P. Phaniraj, Ju Heon Kim, Young Su Lee, Dong Ik Kim, Jin Yoo Suh, Joonho Lee, Jae Hyeok Shim, Seong Jun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The tensile behavior of hydrogen-charged 304-type austenitic stainless steel, with and without prestrain, is investigated. The specimens are thermally charged with hydrogen in 15 MPa hydrogen gas at 300 °C for 72 h. Tensile behavior of the specimen is compared with the specimen aged in vacuum at 300 °C. The effect of the charging condition on the stability of microstructure is determined by characterizing prestrained specimens before and after charging. The hydrogen content in the specimens is determined using thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). Analysis of X-ray diffraction (XRD) data and electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) shows that the fraction of martensite increases after charging in hydrogen by 5–10%. The fracture surfaces of the uncharged and charged specimens are examined for characteristic features. Flow stress and ductility of the charged and prestrained and charged specimens are discussed in terms of the martensite fraction and hydrogen content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages9
JournalSteel Research International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Convergence Agenda Program (CAP) of the Korea Research Council of Fundamental Science and Technology and the Industrial Strategic technology development program (10060219, Model development of estimating CO2 mitigation in the ironmaking process) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MI, Korea).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • 304 stainless steel
  • ductility and fracture
  • hydrogen embrittlement
  • martensitic transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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