Effect of TiO2 particle size and layer thickness on mesoscopic perovskite solar cells

Dong Geon Lee, Min cheol Kim, Byeong Jo Kim, Dong Hoe Kim, Sang Myeong Lee, Mansoo Choi, Sangwook Lee, Hyun Suk Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


Mesoporous TiO2 (mp-TiO2) layers are commonly used as electron transport layers in perovskite solar cells, which help to extract electrons from the perovskite light-absorbing layer and transport them to the electrodes. We investigated the effects of the layer thickness of mp-TiO2 and particle size of TiO2 on photovoltaic properties, in terms of the surface area of the mp-layer and the interfacial areas of the TiO2 nanoparticles in the mp-layer. Various mp-TiO2 layers with thicknesses of 150, 250, and 400 nm and particle sizes of 25 nm and 41 nm were prepared to compare the photovoltaic properties of such layer-containing perovskite solar cells. Time-resolved photoluminescence decay and impedance studies showed that interfacial resistance as well as perovskite-to-TiO2 charge injection are important factors affecting photovoltaic performance. The deterioration of the photovoltaic parameters with increasing TiO2/TiO2 interfacial area also confirms that the interfacial series resistance that arises from these connections should be reduced to enhance the performance of mesoscopic perovskite solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-136
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 31
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Technology Development Program to Solve Climate Changes ( NRF-2015M1A2A2056827 ), and the Global Frontier R&D Program of the Center for Multiscale Energy System ( NRF-2012M3A6A7054855 ). This research was also supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning ( NRF-2016R1C1B2013087 and 2017R1A4A1015022 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • Charge injection
  • Charge transport
  • Internal resistance
  • Mesoporous TiO
  • Perovskite solar cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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