Effective Surface Texturing of Diamond-Wire-Sawn Multicrystalline Silicon Wafers Via Crystallization of the Native Surface Amorphous Layer

Yujin Jung, Jongwon Ko, Soohyun Bae, Yoonmook Kang, Hae Seok Lee, Donghwan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


To increase the market shares of multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) wafers obtained using diamond-wire sawing (DWS), it is necessary to develop efficient and cost-effective texturing methods. Surface texturing processes that increase light absorption are essential for manufacturing high-efficiency solar cells. The smooth surface, phase transformations, and amorphous silicon (a-Si) layer on mc-Si wafers manufactured via DWS hinder the effective texturing under conventional acidic conditions, which are typically used for multiwire slurry sawing (MWSS). To address this issue, this article focused on an efficient texturing process of DWS wafers by adapting a pre-thermal treatment (TT) process. We found that DWS mc-Si wafers could be effectively textured after the TT process by altering the surface roughness through the crystallization of surface amorphous silicon (a-Si) and phase transformation layers. For the DWS mc-Si wafers textured under conventional acidic etching conditions without TT, Rw was found to be 31.7%. The altered surface conditions achieved via the proposed TT method facilitate effective texturing on the DWS mc-Si wafer surface. Consequently, a weighted average reflectance (Rw) of 24.5% was obtained, which was comparable to that for MWSS mc-Si wafers subjected to conventional acidic etching (Rw = 24.4%). As a result of depositing a SiNx for surface passivation and antireflection coating in solar cell applications, Rw values of 8.1% and 8.3% were obtained for the thermal treated DWS mc-Si wafer and MWSS mc-Si wafer, respectively. The proposed texturing process for DWS mc-Si wafers can easily be applied to industrial inline processes using cost-effective existing acidic etching solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9261253
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2011-2012 IEEE.


  • Amorphous crystallization
  • diamond-wire sawing
  • diamond-wire sawing (DWS) texturing
  • multicrystalline texturing
  • silicon wafer texturing
  • surface texturing
  • thermal treatment for diamond-wire sawing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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