Effects of Al-Si coating structures on bendability and resistance to hydrogen embrittlement in 1.5-GPa-grade hot-press-forming steel

Jisung Yoo, Selim Kim, Min Cheol Jo, Seongwoo Kim, Jinkeun Oh, Sang Heon Kim, Sunghak Lee, Seok Su Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Hot-press-forming (HPF) steels have attracted great attention as automotive reinforcement parts, but are exposed to the potential risk of hydrogen embrittlement (HE) because H introduced easily during HPF processes is hardly de-trapped through the solidified coating. In particular, H seriously deteriorates bendability, which is one of the main properties to be considered. In this study, the Al-Si coating structures were modified to improve H emission by increasing H diffusivity. The effects of coating structures on bendability and H desorption were investigated by interrupted bending tests, H-permeation tests, and thermal desorption analyses according to elapsed time after H-charging. Immersion in an Al-10%Si bath and the subsequent HPF process (930 °C for 6 min) produced a 33 μm-thick multiple coating structure composed of Fe2Al5, FeAl, and ferrite layers. On the other hand, the reduced Al-Si adhesion amount from the dip bath and the increased time and temperature (950 °C for 30 min) produced a 30 µm-thick body-centered-cubic (BCC)-based coating structure composed of FeAl and ferrite layers. The BCC-based crystal structure, reduced Al content in the FeAl layer, and coarsened ferrite grains effectively enhanced H diffusivity and suppressed H-induced degradation. Moreover, the softened FeAl and thick ferrite layers improved bendability by allowing the large strain accommodation of bending deformation. Thus, this work proposes an optimal Al-Si coating design that enhances both bendability and resistance to H-induced degradation for secure HPF steel applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117561
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 15


  • Al-Si coating structure
  • Hot-press-forming steel
  • Hydrogen diffusivity
  • Hydrogen embrittlement
  • Interrupted three-point bending test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of Al-Si coating structures on bendability and resistance to hydrogen embrittlement in 1.5-GPa-grade hot-press-forming steel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this