Effects of alkali-metal nitrate salts on hydrotalcite-based sorbents for enhanced cyclic CO2 capture at high temperatures

Suji Kim, Hyung Jin Yoon, Chan Hyun Lee, Ki Bong Lee

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CO2 capture using solid-based adsorbents at high temperatures has been in the spotlight as a CO2 capture and storage (CCS) technology for solving global warming and climate change problems. Hydrotalcite is an anionic clay that is widely used as a CO2 sorbent at temperatures of 200–400 °C. In various methods to improve the relatively low CO2 uptake of hydrotalcite, the hydrotalcites with a high Mg/Al molar ratio achieved significantly increased CO2 sorption uptake. This was because the preparation method allowed incorporation of NaNO3 in the hydrotalcite structure; the maximum CO2 sorption uptake was measured as 28.4 wt% when the Mg/Al molar ratio was 30. The different degrees of NaNO3 melting, depending on the sorption temperature, led to different CO2 sorption kinetics and uptakes at 250, 275, and 300 °C. Over the repeated sorption-desorption cycles, the CO2 cyclic capacity continuously decreased under sorption at 250 and 275 °C, whereas it increased at 300 °C, regardless of the Mg/Al molar ratio. The partial melting of NaNO3 at 250 and 275 °C, below its melting temperature, provided insufficient rearrangement of molten NaNO3. This further caused sintering of the MgO structure, which also increased its crystallite size. Conversely, the accelerated rearrangement of molten NaNO3 at 300 °C, near its melting temperature, and the low CO2 uptake at the initial step inhibited sintering. Different changes in the strength of CO2 sorption on the hydrotalcite-based sorbents also appeared as the cycle number increased.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102610
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Nov

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  • Alkali-metal nitrate salts
  • CO capture
  • High temperatures
  • Hydrotalcite-based sorbents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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