Effects of Annealing Treatment Prior to Cold Rolling on Delayed Fracture Properties in Ferrite-Austenite Duplex Lightweight Steels

Seok Su Sohn, Hyejin Song, Jung Gi Kim, Jai Hyun Kwak, Hyoung Seop Kim, Sunghak Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Tensile properties of recently developed automotive high-strength steels containing about 10 wt pct of Mn and Al are superior to other conventional steels, but the active commercialization has been postponed because they are often subjected to cracking during formation or to the delayed fracture after formation. Here, the delayed fracture behavior of a ferrite-austenite duplex lightweight steel whose microstructure was modified by a batch annealing treatment at 1023 K (750 °C) prior to cold rolling was examined by HCl immersion tests of cup specimens, and was compared with that of an unmodified steel. After the batch annealing, band structures were almost decomposed as strong textures of {100}〈011〉 α-fibers and {111}〈112〉 γ-fibers were considerably dissolved, while ferrite grains were refined. The steel cup specimen having this modified microstructure was not cracked when immersed in an HCl solution for 18 days, whereas the specimen having unmodified microstructure underwent the delayed fracture within 1 day. This time delayed fracture was more critically affected by difference in deformation characteristics such as martensitic transformation and deformation inhomogeneity induced from concentration of residual stress or plastic strain, rather than the difference in initial microstructures. The present work gives a promise for automotive applications requiring excellent mechanical and delayed fracture properties as well as reduced specific weight.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-717
Number of pages12
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy under a Grant No. 10031723-2011-21 and BK21 Plus Center for Creative Industrial Materials.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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