The effect of bran prehydration on the composition and bread-baking quality was determined using bran and flour of two wheat varieties. Bran was hydrated in sodium acetate buffer (50mM, pH 5.3) to 50% moisture at 25 or 55°C for 1.5 or 12 h. The soluble sugar content in bran increased with prehydration. Decreases in phytate and soluble fiber were observed in prehydrated bran, but insoluble fiber was not affected by prehydration. Likewise, free phenolic content decreased, and there was little change in the content of bound phenolics in prehydrated bran. The compositional changes were greater in the bran prehydrated at 55 than at 25°C, and for 12 than for 1.5 h. Addition of prehydrated bran delayed dough development of bran and flour blends and slightly increased water absorption of dough. A higher loaf volume of fresh bread and lower crumb firmness of bread stored for 10 days were observed in bread containing bran prehydrated at 25°C than in bread containing nonhydrated bran or bran prehydrated at 55°C. The prehydration of bran at 25°C before being incorporated into refined flour for dough mixing improved bread quality by altering bran compositional properties, allowing enough water to be absorbed by fibrous materials in the bran and preventing water competition among dough constituents.
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Organic Chemistry