Effects of cordyceps militaris extracts on macrophage as immune conductors

Yoonjin Park, Seoyoon Choi, Boyong Kim, Seung Gwan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although Cordyceps militaris is documented several medicinal functions, there is not enough for demonstration of leukocytic differentiation. Cordycepin and adenosine were 11.75 µg and 1.25 µg in the extract, respectively. Unlike the levels of TNF-α and IL-1β in macrophages that were approximately 4 time and 48 times higher than the control under lipopolysaccharides (LPS), macrophages under the extract (1 µg/mL) showed 13-and 10-fold lower TNF-α and IL-1β levels than the LPS-treated cells. This was corroborated by flow cytometry, where their levels were 20 times and 14 times lower, respectively. Under the extract, the LPS-treated macrophages enhanced M2 polarization and attenuated M1 polarization. In addition, the extract also dose-dependently ac-tivated macrophage phagocytosis. Under the extract conditioned medium, dendritic cells (DCs) were strongly differentiated toward CD11b+ and Xcr1+ cells because their densities were 13.6 times and 6.26 times higher than those in the LPS conditioned medium, respectively. Differentiation of Treg and natural killer T-like (NKTL) cells also were increased about 1.67 times and 6.73 times than those in the LPS conditioned medium, respectively. These results suggest that the C. militaris extract has strong effects on the modulation of macrophages and dendritic cells and T cells under inflammatory stress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2206
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Cordycepin
  • Cordyceps militaris
  • Dendritic cell
  • Inflammation
  • Macrophage
  • T cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of cordyceps militaris extracts on macrophage as immune conductors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this