Effects of Ga contents on properties of CIGS thin films and solar cells fabricated by co-evaporation technique

Sunghun Jung, Se Jin Ahn, Jae Ho Yun, Jihye Gwak, Donghwan Kim, Kyunghoon Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

177 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined the effects of Ga content in the CIGS absorber layer on the properties of the corresponding thin films and solar cells fabricated using a co-evaporation technique. The grain size of CIGS films decreased with increasing Ga content presumably because Ga diffusion during the 2nd stage of the co-evaporation process is more difficult than In diffusion. The main XRD peaks showed a noticeable shift to higher diffraction angles with increasing Ga content, which was attributed to Ga atoms substituting for In atoms in the chalcopyrite structure. Band gap energy and the net carrier concentration of CIGS films increased with Ga/(In + Ga) ratios. Regarding the solar cell parameters, the short circuit current density (JSC) decreased linearly with Ga/(In + Ga) ratios due to the lack of absorption in the long-wavelength portion of the spectrum, while the open circuit voltage (VOC) increase with those. However, VOC values at high Ga/(In + Ga) regions (>0.35) was far below than those extrapolated from the low Ga contents regions, finally resulting in an optimum Ga/(In + Ga) ratio of 0.28 where the solar cell showed the highest efficiency of 15.56% with VOC, JSC and FF of 0.625 V, 35.03 mA cm-2 and 0.71, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)990-996
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul


  • Co-evaporation
  • CuInGaSe
  • Ga ratio
  • Solar cell
  • Thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of Ga contents on properties of CIGS thin films and solar cells fabricated by co-evaporation technique'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this