Pt3Cox/C electrocatalysts for use as cathodes in proton exchange membrane fuel cells are fabricated using various stabilizers to control the different reduction speeds between Pt and Co ions. Four different types of stabilizers - sodium acetate, oleylamine, tetraoctylammonium bromide (TOAB), and hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) - differing in molecular structures and ionic states are tested. Primarily, Pt3Co x/C alloy nanoparticles are synthesized with 0.6 < x < 0.8 after heat treatment to remove the residual stabilizers. A significant improvement in the activity for oxygen reduction reaction is observed in the case of TOAB- and CTAB-mediated Pt3Cox/C catalysts. In particular, CTAB-mediated catalysts exhibit the best activity, which is about 2-times higher mass activity than commercial Pt/C catalyst. The higher mass activity is believed to result from not only the alloying effects with small atomic size Co but also better dispersion and smaller particle size after heat treatment at relatively low temperature.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was financially supported by the Korean Ministry of Knowledge Economy through the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning under contract number 2008-N-FC08-P-01 . This work was also partially supported by both a grant ( M2009010025 ) from the Fundamental R&D Program for Core Technology of Materials funded by MKE, Republic of Korea and the Joint Research Project ( 1345142686 ) funded by the Korea Research Council of Fundamental Science and Technology (KRCF), Republic of Korea.
- Oxygen reduction reaction
- PtCo/C catalyst
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology