Aim: This study was done to determine the effects of temperature, pH and sodium chloride (NaCl) on antimicrobial activity of magnesium oxide (MgO) nanoparticles (NPs) against E. coli O157:H7. Methods and results: Culture conditions were established by varying the pH (5.0, 7.2 and 9.0), NaCl concentration (0.5, 2.0, 3.5 and 5.0%, w/v), and incubation temperatures (4, 12, 22 and 37°C). At each condition, the antimicrobial activities of MgO-NPs (0, 1, 2 and 4 mg/ml) against E. coli O157:H7 were measured. Four-way analysis of variance indicated interactions among all factors had a significant effect (p ≤ 0.05) on the antimicrobial activity of MgO-NPs. The concentration of MgO-NPs necessary to cause a 5-log reduction of E. coli O157:H7 under the most inhibitory conditions (37°C, pH 9.0, and 5.0% NaCl) was 0.50 mg/ml of MgO-NPs. Conclusion: The antimicrobial activity of the MgO-NPs increased significantly (p ≤ 0.05) with increased temperature, pH and NaCl concentration in TSB. Significance and impact of the study: The influence of intrinsic and extrinsic factors on antimicrobial activity of MgO-NPs we found will contribute to the development of microbial decontamination strategies using MgO in the food industry.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF‐2020R1F1A107507712).
© 2022 Society for Applied Microbiology.
- E. coli O157:H7
- antimicrobial activity
- magnesium oxide
- sodium chloride
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology