Effects of the sintering conditions of dental zirconia ceramics on the grain size and translucency

Mi Jin Kim, Jin Soo Ahn, Ji Hwan Kim, Hae Young Kim, Woong Chul Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

151 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE. This study aimed to identify the effects of the sintering conditions of dental zirconia on the grain size and translucency. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Ten specimens of each of two commercial brands of zirconia (Lava and KaVo) were made and sintered under five different conditions. Microwave sintering (MS) and conventional sintering (CS) methods were used to fabricate zirconia specimens. The dwelling time was 20 minutes for MS and 20 minutes, 2, 10, and 40 hours for CS. The density and the grain size of the sintered zirconia blocks were measured. Total transmission measurements were taken using a spectrophotometer. Twoway analysis of variance model was used for the analysis and performed at a type-one error rate of 0.05. RESULTS. There was no significant difference in density between brands and sintering conditions. The mean grain size increased according to sintering conditions as follows: MS-20 min, CS-20 min, CS-2 hr, CS-10 hr, and CS-40 hr for both brands. The mean grain size ranged from 347-1,512 nm for Lava and 373-1,481 nm for KaVo. The mean light transmittance values of Lava and KaVo were 28.39-34.48% and 28.09-30.50%, respectively. CONCLUSION. Different sintering conditions resulted in differences in grain size and light transmittance. To obtain more translucent dental zirconia restorations, shorter sintering times should be considered. [J Adv Prosthodont 2013;5:161-6].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-166
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Grain size
  • Sintering
  • Translucency
  • Transmittance
  • Y-TZP
  • Zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)


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