Efficacy of chlorine dioxide gas against Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris spores on apple surfaces

Sun Young Lee, Genisis Iris Dancer, Su sen Chang, Min Suk Rhee, Dong Hyun Kang

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58 Citations (Scopus)


Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris is a thermophilic spore-forming bacterium that spoils acidic juices. In the orchard, apples may be contaminated with spores which can potentially grow in the resulting juice and cause spoilage. This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of gaseous chlorine dioxide against A. acidoterrestris spores on apple surfaces. A. acidoterrestris spores were inoculated onto apple surfaces and were placed at room temperature, in a tightly sealed chamber containing a chlorine dioxide generating sachet, low, medium, or high release, for 30 min, 1, 2, and 3 h. After exposure, surviving spores were enumerated on K agar. Chlorine dioxide treated apples were stored at 4 °C for 7 days to assess the effect on visual quality. Inoculated, untreated apples served as the visual quality control. After exposure to high and medium release sachets for 1 h, spores were reduced to an undetectable level, a 5 log10 reduction; however, visual quality was compromised. After 1, 2, and 3 h of exposure to low release sachets, spore reductions were 2.7, 3.7, and 4.5 log10, respectively. And, after 7 days of storage, there were no significant visual quality differences between the apples exposed to low release sachet for all treatment times when compared to the control. Gaseous chlorine dioxide can effectively reduce viable A. acidoterrestris spores on apple surfaces. Due to the efficacy and easy of use, chlorine dioxide gas sachets may be useful to maintain apple quality during storage and shipping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-368
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May 1


  • Alicyclobacillus
  • Apple
  • Chlorine dioxide gas
  • Spore

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology


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