Efficacy of forced-use therapy in hemiplegic cerebral palsy

In Young Sung, Ju Seok Ryu, Sung Bom Pyun, Seung Don Yoo, Woo Hyun Song, Mi Jeong Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To determine the efficacy of forced-use therapy (FUT) on the improvement of upper-extremity function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP). Design: Prospective case series. Setting: Outpatient ambulatory clinic in South Korea. Participants: Thirty-one patients with hemiplegic CP were assigned to the FUT group (n=18) or to the control group (n=13). The mean age of the patients in the FUT group was 33.2 months and in the control group it was 43.2 months. Interventions: The FUT group wore a short-arm Scotchcast on the unaffected arm for 6 weeks and also participated in a conventional rehabilitation program that included stretching exercises and functional occupational therapy for the upper extremity. The control group underwent the conventional rehabilitation program only. Main Outcome Measure: Hand function tests, including the box and block test (BBT), Erhardt Developmental Prehension Assessment (EDPA), and WeeFIM instrument taken before and after 6 weeks of treatment. Results: Before treatment, there was no significant difference between groups in the BBT, EDPA, and WeeFIM scores. After 6 weeks of treatment, however, the FUT group showed significant improvement in the affected arm in the BBT and EDPA scores, compared with the control group (P<.05). The self-care score on the WeeFIM was also significantly improved in the FUT group (P<.05). Conclusions: FUT combined with a conventional rehabilitation program appears to be more effective than a rehabilitation program alone in improving affected hand function in children with hemiplegic CP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2195-2198
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebral palsy
  • Hemiplegia
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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