Efficacy of hyaluronic acid and hydroxyethyl starch in preventing adhesion following endoscopic sinus surgery

Su Jong Kim, Jae Min Shin, Eun Jung Lee, Il Ho Park, Heung Man Lee, Kyung Su Kim

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Adhesion is a major complication of endoscopic sinus surgery that may lead to recurrence of chronic rhinosinusitis, necessitating revision surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of hyaluronic acid and hydroxyethyl starch (HA–HES) relative to hyaluronic acid and carboxymethylcellulose (HA–CMC) with regard to anti-adhesion effect. In this multi-center, prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled study, 77 consecutive patients who underwent bilateral endoscopic sinus surgery were enrolled between March 2014 and March 2015. HA–HES and HA–CMC were applied to randomly assigned ethmoidectomized cavities after the removal of middle meatal packing. At the 1st, 2nd and 4th weeks after surgery, the presence and grades of adhesion, edema, and infection were, respectively, examined via endoscopy by a blinded assessor. The incidence and grades of adhesion at the 2-week follow-up were significantly less in the HA–CMC group than in the HA–HES group (p < 0.05). However, with the exception of week 2, there were no significant differences in the incidence or grades of adhesion, edema, and infection between the two groups. When the primary endpoint—the presence of adhesion at the 4-week follow-up—was compared between two groups, the incidence of adhesion in HA–HES group at the 4-week follow-up was 32% and in HA–CMC was 41.3%, indicating that HA–HES was not inferior to HA–CMC in terms of anti-adhesive effect. No severe adverse reactions were noted during the study period. In conclusion, HA–HES is a safe substitutional anti-adhesion agent that has equivalent effect as HA–CMC after endoscopic sinus surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3643-3649
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI15C1512).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany.


  • Adhesion
  • Anti-adhesion agent
  • Chronic rhinosinusitis
  • Endoscopic sinus surgery
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Hydroxyethyl starch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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