Efficient and comprehensive evaluation method of temporary overvoltage in distribution systems with inverter-based distributed generations

Namhun Cho, Moonjeong Lee, Myungseok Yoon, Sungyun Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In general, a temporary overvoltage (TOV) on the healthy phases occurs because of the neutral-shift phenomenon during a single line-to-ground (SLG) fault. The TOV can destroy the insulation of electric devices and cause damage to other equipment and customer loads in just a few cycles. In practice, the TOV can be affected by numerous factors: the sequence reactance ratio of the interconnection transformer, the ratio of load to DG, and the distance to the fault. More importantly, inverter-based distributed generations (DGs) have different influences on the TOV from traditional synchronous-machine-based DGs. In this sense, this work performed an efficient and comprehensive investigation on the effect of these various parameter types and their extensive variations, based on steady-state analysis with sequence equivalent circuits and three-dimensional representations. The proposed methodology can facilitate judging the impact of multi-parameter conditions on the TOV readily and comparing the fault characteristics of synchronous-machine-based and inverter-based DGs. Finally, the results can be used for future studies on TOV mitigation techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7335
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was supported in part by Korea Electric Power Corporation (Grant number: CX71-20-0007), in part by Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government (MOTIE) (No. 20191210301890), and in part by the Basic Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the MSIT (No. 2020R1A4A1019405).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • 3D graph
  • Distributed generation
  • Effective grounding
  • Inverter-based DG
  • Single line-to-ground fault
  • Temporary overvoltage (TOV)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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