Efficient heat spreader using supersonically sprayed graphene and silver nanowire

Tae Gun Kim, Chan Woo Park, Deok Yoon Woo, Jeehoon Choi, Sam S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Hotspots in high-power and high-density microelectronic devices are a major problem because insufficient thermal dissipation can cause device malfunction. We introduce supersonically sprayed thin films made of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and silver nanowires (AgNW) that can efficiently dissipate heat to remediate hotspots. Film deposition by cold supersonic spraying provides superior adhesion and requires no post-deposition treatment, making it compatible with a wide range of surface materials. A rGO film heat spreader is deposited on an Al2O3 substrate (10 × 10 cm2), which is Joule-heated using a nickel–chrome wire. Heat quickly dissipates over the entire surface due to the rGO film, eliminating the localized hotspot. The effect of film thickness is investigated to identify the optimal thickness of the deposited rGO film heat spreader. The cooling capability of pure graphene oxide films is characterized and compared to the heat dissipation performance of a hybrid rGO–AgNW film and an uncoated substrate. The morphology and surface properties of the films are characterized using scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, optical profilometry, and thermal infrared imaging. An rGO film thickness of 10 μm produced the lowest thermal resistance and the addition of AgNW enhanced film thermal performance by reducing the thermal resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114572
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 25

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • Cooling film
  • Graphene oxide
  • Heat dissipation
  • Heat spreader
  • Joule heating
  • Silver nanowire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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