Efficient modeling of 1/f α noise using multirate process

Jongsun Park, Khurram Muhammad, Kaushik Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


In order to verify the system performance of mixed-signal systems on chip (SoCs), computer-aided design (CAD) tools are required to generate 1/f/ α noise that degrades the performance of most analog circuits. Current techniques for generating discrete sequences of 1/f α noise require a large amount of computations that place an excessive burden on the computation engine and random number generators. In this paper, the authors propose a low-complexity 1/f α noise generation scheme, which is based on a multirate filter bank. In this scheme, each branch in the filter bank processes signals in a different frequency band while allowing for arbitrary selection of a in each bank. The proposed approach greatly reduces computations when compared to traditional noise generation processes of using a single noise-shaping filter. Furthermore, it allows selecting different combinations of noise frequency response in different frequency bands, thus allowing calibration of noise generated in simulation to the one measured in the laboratory from test chips. A comparison of various noise generation schemes is also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1247-1256
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jul
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received June 4, 2004; revised October 20, 2004 and March 19, 2005. This work was supported in part by the Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) and by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). This paper was recommended by Associate Editor M. Silveira. J. Park is with Marvell Semiconductor, Inc., Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA (e-mail: jongsunp@marvell.com). K. Muhammad is with Texas Instruments Inc., Dallas, TX 75243 USA (e-mail: k-muhammad1@ti.com). K. Roy is with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 USA (e-mail: kaushik@ ecn.purdue.edu). Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/TCAD.2005.855953


  • 1/f noise
  • Flicker noise
  • Mixed signal systems
  • Multirate filter banks
  • Noise modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Efficient modeling of 1/f α noise using multirate process'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this