Efficient physical delamination of Ti3C2Tx MXene under periodic and constant shear field of Taylor vortex flow

Kiran Gupta, Jin Hyuck Heo, Sang Hyuk Im, Woo Sik Kim

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Employing Taylor vortex flow (TVF), we have devised an innovative technique for the delamination of MXene without using a chemical intercalant and demonstrated the enhanced optoelectronic characteristics of this delaminated MXene through their successful implementation in light emitting diode (LED). The pairwise toroidal fluid motion of TVF was induced by the rotation of the inner cylinder in the Couette-Taylor (CT) reactor. Due to periodic and constant shear field, TVF was highly efficient for the exfoliation of MXene. So, the continuous exfoliation process using CT reactor always showed 8.1 ∼ 12.5 times higher delaminated MXene (d-Ti3C2Tx) yield than that using a conventional mixing tank (MT) reactor which generated turbulent eddy flow (TEF) by impeller agitation. As such, 8.26 mgּ/mL (42.90 % of recovery ratio) of d-Ti3C2Tx was obtained in CT reactor at 1300 rpm of inner cylinder rotation speed and 24 min of mean residence time (MRT). In comparison, d-Ti3C2Tx in MT reactor at 3000 rpm of agitation speed and 24 min of MRT was 0.66 mgּ/mL (3.42 % of recovery ratio). In addition, d-Ti3C2Tx in TVF was thinner and wider than that in TEF. So, the d-Ti3C2Tx was homogeneously suspended without sedimentation and oxidation in aqueous suspension over 30 days. In addition, d-Ti3C2Tx in the TVF was applied to the transparent conducting electrode of inorganic CsPbBr3 perovskite light emitting diodes (PeLEDs). The transparent conducting oxide-free PeLED had 62.52 cd/A of maximum current efficiency and 14.48 % of maximum external quantum efficiency, which is comparable to the best performance of ITO-based inorganic CsPbBr3 PeLEDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number148700
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier B.V.


  • Delamination of MXene
  • High productivity of MXene
  • Light emitting diodes
  • Taylor vortex flow, Turbulent eddy flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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