Layer-by-layer organic photovoltaics (LbL-OPVs) are fabricated using wide bandgap polymer D18 with narrow photon harvesting range in visible light region and narrow bandgap small molecular N3 with strong near-infrared photon harvesting; the only difference is D18 layer thickness adjusted by spin coating speed. A 15.75% power conversion efficiency (PCE) is obtained from the LbL-OPVs with D18 layer prepared under 7000 round per minute of spin coating condition; the corresponding D18/N3 layers have a 52.06% of average visible transmittance (AVT) in the spectral range from 370 to 740 nm. Based on the optimized D18/N3 layers, semitransparent LbL-OPVs are built with 1 nm Au/(10, 15, 20 nm) Ag as the top electrode. The PCE and AVT of semitransparent LbL-OPVs can be simultaneously adjusted by altering Ag layer thickness due to its variable reflectance and conductivity of top electrode dependence on Ag layer thickness. The PCE/AVT of 12.58%/22.81%, 13.80%/15.09%, and 14.85%/9.48% can be individually achieved from the semitransparent LbL-OPVs with 10, 15, or 20 nm-thick Ag layer, which should be among the highest values of semitransparent OPVs based on bulk heterojunction or LbL structures. Adjusting donor layer thickness may be an effective method to construct efficient semitransparent LbL-OPVs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 62175011, 61975006, 51773045, 21772030, 51922032, and 21961160720) and National Key Research and Development Program of China (grant no. 2017YFA0206600).
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.
- average visible transmittance
- power conversion efficiency
- semitransparent organic photovoltaics
- wide bandgap polymer donor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering