Efficient Water Purification by Photocatalysis and Rapid Adsorption of Dip-Coated Metal Foam with Nanostructured Bismuth Vanadate

Hyun Yoon, Mukund G. Mali, Ha Yong Kim, Salem S. Al-Deyab, Sam S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Rapid removal of the organic methylene blue (MB) dye was achieved by simple stirring of highly porous Ni-Fe-Cr-Al metal foam coated with bismuth vanadate (BiVO4). The metal foam was dip-coated with the BiVO4 solution precursor and annealed for an hour, through which the foam surface was decorated with the highly porous nanostructure, yielding high adsorptivity. This bismuth-decorated metal foam was characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron, and scanning electron microscopy to elucidate its physical, chemical, and morphological properties. The modeled pollutant, MB, was stirred with the metal foam both in darkness and in light. Complete decolorization was observed for both of these conditions, which indicates that adsorption dominates over photocatalysis; we found that photocatalysis contributed to less than 10% of the purification process. We also demonstrated that it would be possible to recycle the metal foam as many as 20 times, beyond which its purification capability degrades. However, the MB residues on the foam can be removed by simple annealing; thus, in theory the foam can be recycled indefinitely.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1023-1030
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by NRF-2013R1A2A2A05005589, Special International Collaboration and Post-Doctoral Fellowship funded by Korea University. This research was also supported by the Commercializations Promotion Agency for R&D Outcomes (COMPA) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MISP). The authors extend their appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for its funding this Prolific Research group (PRG-1436-03).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The American Ceramic Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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