Elastomeric Indoor Organic Photovoltaics with Superb Photothermal Endurance

Tae Hyuk Kim, Ho Jin Lee, Muhammad Ahsan Saeed, Jae Hoon Son, Han Young Woo, Tae Geun Kim, Jae Won Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Despite recent improvements in their power-conversion efficiency (PCE), organic photovoltaics (OPVs) cannot yet be guaranteed stable in an indoor environment. In this study, the destabilizing effects of morphological evolution and molecular-ordering variation on photoactive layers containing two to four photoactive components are investigated under realistic indoor photothermal (>55 °C for 1000 h) and mechanical (10% strain and 1000 cycles) deformation conditions. Layers with more stable morphologies are obtained by increasing the number of photoactive components; consequently, the quaternary OPVs show the best PCE retention (over 90% and 82% of the initial values after the photothermal and mechanical stresses, respectively). The increase in entropy caused by the additional components in the quaternary blend leads to a more balanced molecular arrangement and excellent photothermal stability. Stronger intermolecular bonding and less variation of molecular ordering likewise occur in the quaternary OPVs, enhancing their mechanical endurance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2201921
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul 25

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Technology Development Program to Solve Climate Changes of the National Research Foundation (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, & Future Planning (NRF‐2016M1A2A2940912). This study was also supported by an NRF grant funded by the Korean government (No. 2016R1A3B1908249, 2019R1A6A1A11044070, and 2022R1A2C2009523).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • indoor organic photovoltaics
  • indoor stress conditions
  • molecular ordering
  • morphological evolution
  • multicomponent photoactive layers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biomaterials


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