Electrical Characteristics of Schottky Contacts to p-Type (001) GaP: Understanding of Carrier Transport Mechanism

Sungjoo Song, Dae Hyun Kim, Daesung Kang, Tae Yeon Seong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Formation of low-resistance ohmic contacts to p-GaP is important for development of high-efficiency AlGaInP light-emitting diodes (LEDs), which emit light from red to yellow–green and have a wide variety of applications such as traffic light lamps, automobile tail lamps, and in biotherapy. The current flow behavior can be understood by investigating the effect of the Schottky barrier height (SBH; ΦB) on the work function of metals (ΦM). In this work, SBHs and their dependence on ΦM at (001) p-GaP surfaces were investigated. With increasing temperature, the SBH increased, while the ideality factor decreased. This behavior is explained by means of a thermionic field-emission (TFE) model. The SBH and ideal factor ranged from 0.805 eV to 0.852 eV and from 1.18 to 1.50, respectively, for different Schottky metals. The S-parameter (dΦB/dΦM) was estimated to be 0.025, with this approximately zero value implying that the surface Fermi level is virtually perfectly pinned at the surface states at ~0.85 eV above the valence-band edge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5297-5301
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society.


  • AlGaInP
  • GaP
  • Schottky barrier height
  • TFE model
  • carrier transport mechanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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