The damper (or amortisseur) winding of synchronous motors (SMs) is a critical component required for starting the motor. Several cases of the forced outage of industrial processes due to the starting failure of salient-pole SMs caused by damper bar failure have recently been reported. The detection of broken damper bars is difficult since they are active only during rotor acceleration, and offline visual inspection is the only means of testing available in the field. It was recently shown that the broken damper bars can be detected from the airgap flux, but this requires the installation of airgap flux sensors inside the motor. In this article, a method based on the analysis of the stator starting current is proposed for detecting broken damper bars. In addition, an electrical detection method based on signal injection from the motor terminals is proposed. The new methods have been devised to provide remote testing from the motor control center without motor disassembly required in existing tests. Finite-element analysis (1 MW) and experimental testing (30 kW) performed on salient-pole SMs with emulated broken damper bars show that the proposed methods can provide the sensitive and reliable detection of damper bar failures.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Manuscript received October 23, 2019; revised December 20, 2019; accepted January 5, 2020. Date of publication January 12, 2020; date of current version March 17, 2020. Paper 2019-EMC-1362.R1, presented at the 2019 Symposium on Diagnostics for Electrical Machines, Power Electronics and Drives, Toulouse, France, Aug. 27–30, and approved for publication in the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS by the Electric Machines Committee of the IEEE Industry Applications Society. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) under Grant NRF-2019R1A2C1084104. (Corresponding author: Sang Bin Lee.) J. Antonino-Daviu and V. Fuster-Roig are with the Instituto Tecnológico de la Energía, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia 46022, Spain (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com).
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- Condition monitoring
- fault diagnostics
- motor testing
- salient-pole synchronous motor (SM)
- spectral analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering