Electrochemical properties of amorphous GeOx-C composite microspheres prepared by a one-pot spray pyrolysis process

Jin Koo Kim, Gi Dae Park, Jung Hyun Kim, Jong Hwa Kim, Yun Chan Kang

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Amorphous GeO2-GeO-C (GeOx-C) composite powders, containing a small amount of the GeC phase, are prepared by a one-pot spray pyrolysis process. The GeOx-C composite powders have a completely spherical shape and are non-aggregated. The Ge 3d components in the XPS spectrum of the composite occupy 53.3%, 40.1%, and 6.6% of the total for GeO2, GeO, and GeC, respectively. The amount of amorphous carbon in the GeOx-C composite powder is estimated at 18.3%, based on the TG and XPS analysis. The initial discharge and charge capacities of the GeOx-C composite powders at a current density of 1 A g−1 are 1873 and 908 mA h g−1, respectively. The discharge capacities of the GeOx-C composite and commercial GeO2 powders for the 1200th cycle are 723 and 169 mA h g−1, respectively, and their corresponding capacity retentions from the 2nd cycle are 70.1% and 19.0%, respectively. The high structural stability of the composite during repeated lithium insertion and desertion processes results in excellent long-term cycling performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5534-5540
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (NRF-2015R1A2A1A15056049).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.


  • Anode material
  • Carbon composite
  • Germanium oxide
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Spray pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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