Electrochemical properties of yolk-shell structured layered-layered composite cathode powders prepared by spray pyrolysis

Jung Hyun Kim, Yun Chan Kang, Yun Ju Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jong Heun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Layered-layered yolk-shell powders with composition 0.6Li(Li1/3Mn2/3)O2· 0.4Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2are prepared by spray pyrolysis. Metal oxides-carbon composite powders are first formed as an intermediate product near the reactor entrance by drying and decomposition of droplets. Combustion, contraction, and recombustion processes of intermediate product produce yolk-shell-structured powders. The yolk-shell structure of the powders prepared directly by spray pyrolysis is maintained even after post-treatment at 800 °C; this treatment temperature yields the best electrochemical performance. The composition of the powders post-treated at 800 °C is Li1.12Ni0.14Co0.14Mn0.59O2. Mean grain sizes of the yolk-shell 0.6Li(Li1/3Mn2/3)O2·0.4Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2powders, post-treated at 700, 750, and 800 °C, measured from high resolution TEM images, are 47, 54, and 79 nm, respectively, and their BET surface areas are 14, 9, and 7 m2g-1. The initial discharge capacities of the powders, post-treated at the above temperatures, are 188, 280, and 239 mA h g-1, respectively, and their initial Coulombic efficiencies are 87, 80, and 78%. Discharge capacities after 50 cycles of the post-treated powders are 81, 194, and 183 mA h g-1, respectively, and the corresponding capacity retentions are 43, 70, and 77%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-294
Number of pages7
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. 2012R1A2A2A02046367).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Cathode material
  • Layered material
  • Lithium ion batteries
  • Spray pyrolysis
  • Yolk-shell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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