Electrochemically metal-doped reduced graphene oxide films: Properties and applications

Myung Sic Chae, Tae Ho Lee, Kyung Rock Son, Tae Hoon Park, Kyo Seon Hwang, Tae Geun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The fine control of doping levels in graphene materials such as reduced graphene oxide (RGO) is important to properly manipulate their ambipolar transport characteristics for various device applications. However, conventional doping methods involve complex chemical reactions, large-scale doping processes, and poor stability. Herein, a simple and controllable electrochemical doping treatment (EDT), performed via the conductive channels created at the RGO surface by the application of an electric field, is introduced to tailor the electrical properties of RGO films. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy measurements are performed to detect the presence of Ni atoms in RGO films after the EDT (EDT-RGO). Then, EDT-RGO field-effect transistors (FETs) are fabricated with different doping areas (0 to 100 % fractional area) on the RGO active channel to investigate the effect and selective-area doping capability of the EDT. Owing to p-type doping compensation by the intercalated Ni atoms, the electron mobility of the EDT-RGO FET decreases from 1.40 to 0.12 cm2 V−1 s−1 compared with that of the undoped RGO-FET, leading to the conversion from ambipolar to unipolar p-type transfer characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-80
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported financially by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) (No. 2016R1A3B1908249 ). M.S. Chae and T.H. Lee fabricated the device and conducted measurements. K.R. Son and T.H. Park conducted the AFM measurements. T.H. Lee, M.S. Chae, K.S. Hwang and T.G. Kim wrote the manuscript. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript. The authors would like to thank Editage ( www.editage.co.kr ) for English language editing. Appendix A

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019


  • Electrical breakdown process
  • Electrochemical doping treatment
  • Field-effect transistor
  • Reduced graphene oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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