Electrophoretic deposition of Ga-Cu core-shell nanocomposites for CuGaS2 thin films

Yeon Soo Lee, Ji Hyun Cha, Byoung Koun Min, Duk Young Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


This work reports on the syntheses of copper-gallium bimetallic nanoparticles by ultrasound-assisted chemical reduction method in alcohol solutions to prepare CuGaS2 thin films. Gallium metal (Ga) in the form of pellet was dispersed in tetraethylene glycol by ultrasonic treatment. The chemical reduction of copper sulfate (CuSO4) into copper metal by NaBH4 at the surface of the Ga droplets enabled the formation of Ga-Cu core-shell structure. The Ga droplets with submicrometer size were homogenously coated with ~40-nm Cu nanoparticles. The exothermic transition of the Ga-Cu core-shell nanocomposite materials occurred at 485 °C, which corresponds to the crystalline phase formation of γ-Cu9Ga 4. Ga-Cu nanocomposites with a 1:1 ratio were deposited onto molybdenum substrate via electrophoretic deposition method as a precursor of CuGaS2, a p-type semiconductor. Mechanical pressing and sulfurization provided dense CuGaS2 thin films with good crystallinity and high phase purity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-144
Number of pages7
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the “National Agenda Project” program of Korea Research Council of Fundamental Science & Technology (KRCF) and by the Industrial Strategic Technology Development Program ( 10033436, KEIT ).


  • CIGS
  • Chemical reductions
  • Core-shell
  • Photovoltaic cells
  • Precursor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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