Electrophysiological Changes Associated with the Progression of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

Young Soo Chang, Insik Song, Jung Hyun Han, June Choi, Yoon Chan Rah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical characteristics and electrophysiological changes in patients with different degrees of noise-induced hearing loss compared with those of normal controls to elucidate the progression of auditory neural damage attributed to noise exposure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted through a review of the medical records for the patients who presented to a tertiary referral center. Sixty-nine participants were included in the study: 29 had noise-induced hearing loss, and 40 were healthy controls. All the participants underwent electrophysiological tests and pure-tone audiometry. RESULTS: Nine patients showed mild hearing loss (mild hearing loss group), while the others showed worse than moderate hearing loss on puretone audiometry (severe hearing loss group). Significantly reduced wave I and V amplitudes of auditory brainstem response were present in both mild and severe hearing loss groups compared to the control group (P -lt; .001 and P=.002, respectively), without significant differences between the mild and severe hearing loss groups. In the multivariate analysis, auditory brainstem response wave V amplitude was negatively associated with auditory brainstem response wave I-V inter-peak latency delay (B=-0.48, P=.02). CONCLUSION: The results of the present study confirm the similarity in the electrophysiological characteristics between the mild and severe hearing loss groups. Thus, widespread disruption in the auditory neural conduction could have been established in the early period when the patient developed mild hearing loss following noise exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-491
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of International Advanced Otology
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Nov 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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