Electrospun nanofibrous PVDF-PMMA MF membrane in laboratory and pilot-scale study treating wastewater from Seoul Zoo

Hyun Chul Kim, Byeong Gyu Choi, Jinhyung Noh, Kyung Guen Song, Sang hyup Lee, Sung Kyu Maeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) blended with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was electrospun into nanofibrous membranes, which had a mean pore size of 0.45μm. The pure water permeability of the prepared membrane was higher compared to previous reports in which conventional cast membranes with equivalent mean pore size and contact angle were characterized for the purposes of domestic and industrial uses. Microscopic diagnoses were also conducted to characterize the physical and morphological natures of the nanofibrous membrane, which revealed that the prepared membrane was much smoother than conventional cast membranes. The increase in resistance to filtration was negligible up to 16days without membrane cleaning for filtration of the secondary effluent; however this was not the case when the membranes were used for bioreactors. Suspended solids in the secondary effluent were completely removed, and a 48% removal of chemical oxygen demand was also achieved. Pilot-scale testing of the electrospun nanofibrous PVDF-PMMA membrane was also conducted on secondary effluent from the Seoul Zoo wastewater treatment plant (12m3d-1). Our results revealed that the nanofibrous membrane has the potential to become a mainstream application in post-treatment of secondary effluent, which could lead us to explore the use of nanofibrous membranes for diverse applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by KIST Institutional Program (Project No. 2E24280 ) and Korea Ministry of Environment as part of "The Eco-Innovation project" (Global Top Project) GT-SWS-11-01-006-0 .


  • Electrospinning
  • Electrospun nanofibrous membrane
  • Membrane bioreactor
  • Microfiltration
  • Polyvinylidene fluoride
  • Post-filtration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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