A direct ultrasonic (US) and ozone (O3) combination (US/O 3) process for the removal of two hormones, estrone (E1) and estriol (E3), in aqueous solutions was investigated. These two hormones were detected in a wastewater treatment plant effluent in Korea. It was found that the ultrasonic/ ozone process showed a higher removal performance than the US and O3 process even though the O3 process also showed approximately the same removal efficiency after 60 min. Chemical oxygen demand/total organic carbon (CODcr/TOC) ratios for E1 and E3 decreased, indicating that biodegradability could be increased significantly in the US/O3 process. The optimal pH condition was determined above the neutral pH condition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)