Transforming carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide with electrochemical methods allows for small-scale, modular conversion of point sources of carbon dioxide. In this work, through the preparation of a well-dispersed cobalt phthalocyanine model catalyst immobilized on carbon paper, we revealed high turnover frequencies for reducing carbon dioxide at low catalyst loadings, which are obscured at higher loadings due to aggregation. The low catalyst loadings have also enabled mechanistic studies that provide a detailed understanding of the molecular-level picture of how cobalt phthalocyanine facilitates proton and electron transfers in the rate-limiting step. We are able to tune the rate-limiting step from electron transfer to concerted proton-electron transfer, enabling higher rates of carbon dioxide reduction. Our results highlight the significance of dispersion for understanding the intrinsic catalytic performance of metal phthalocyanines for electroreduction of CO2.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Chemical Society.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry