Emotional changes and protective factors of emotional workers in the public and private sector

Jongha Lee, Changsu Han, Young Hoon Ko, June Kang, Youngmi Byun, Yeonghae Son, Ho Kyoung Yoon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    Objective Emotional labor is known to be a risk factor for emotional distress. This study aimed to evaluate specific stressors according to the type of occupation and identify protective and adverse factors. Methods We recruited 349 workers engaged in emotional labor in a suburban city. They were assessed using scales regarding emotional status, job stress, resilience, and job satisfaction. Correlation and regression analyses were performed to evaluate their emotional state according to their stress level. A mediation model using structural equation modeling was utilized to identify the mediating effects of resilience and workplace satisfaction. Results The correlation analysis indicated that the level of workplace stress was statistically correlated with depressed mood and anxiety and showed a significant inverse correlation with individuals’ resilience and job satisfaction. According to the regression analysis, in private institution workers, “emotional disharmony and hurt” had a statistically significant negative effect on their emotional state, and in public institution workers, “emotional demands and regulation” were prominent. Resilience partially mediated the relationship between emotional stress and anxiety/depressive symptoms. Conclusion Our findings indicate that the causes of stress differed according to the working environment. Preventive strategies such as resilience training and relieving stress on individual factors are needed to promote mental health.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)645-653
    Number of pages9
    JournalPsychiatry Investigation
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul


    • Anxiety
    • Depressive mood
    • Emotional labor
    • Job stress
    • Resilience

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health
    • Biological Psychiatry


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