Laminar shear stress (LSS) is known to increase endothelial nitric oxide (NO) production, which is essential for vascular health, through expression and activation of nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3). Recent studies demonstrated that LSS also increases the expression of argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1) that regulates the provision of L-arginine, the substrate of NOS3. It was thus hypothesized that ASS1 might contribute to vascular health by enhancing NO production in response to LSS. This hypothesis was pursued in the present study by modulating NOS3 and ASS1 levels in cultured endothelial cells. Exogenous expression of either NOS3 or ASS1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells increased NO production and decreased monocyte adhesion stimulated by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The latter effect of overexpressed ASS1 was reduced when human umbilical vein endothelial cells were co-treated with small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) for ASS1 or NOS3. SiRNAs of NOS3 and ASS1 attenuated the increase of NO production in human aortic endothelial cells stimulated by LSS (12 dynes•cm-2) for 24 h. LSS inhibited monocyte adhesion to human aortic endothelial cells stimulated by TNF-α, but this effect of LSS was abrogated by siRNAs of NOS3 and ASS1 that recovered the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1. The current study suggests that the expression of ASS1 harmonized with that of NOS3 may be important for the optimized endothelial NO production and the prevention of the inflammatory monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Jan 28|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology