Energy Efficient Precoding Design for SWIPT in MIMO Two-Way Relay Networks

Javane Rostampoor, S. Mohammad Razavizadeh, Inkyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


This paper deals with the energy efficiency (EE) maximization problem in multiple-input multiple-output two-way relay networks with simultaneous wireless information and power transfer. The network consists of a multiple-antenna amplify-and-forward relay node which provides bidirectional communications between two multiple-antenna transceiver nodes. In addition, one of the transceivers is considered battery limited and has the capability of energy harvesting from the received signals. Assuming the network EE as the objective function, we design power splitting factor and optimum precoding matrices at the relay node and two transceivers. The constraints are transmit power of the nodes, harvested energy and quality of service of two transceivers. The resulting non-convex optimization problem is divided into three sub-problems which are then solved via an alternation approach. In addition, sufficient conditions for optimality are derived and the computational complexity of the proposed algorithm is analyzed. Simulation results are provided to evaluate the performance and confirm the efficiency of the proposed scheme as well as its convergence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7876801
Pages (from-to)7888-7896
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sept

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IEEE.


  • Simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT)
  • convex optimization
  • energy efficiency
  • energy harvesting
  • multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)
  • two-way relay networks (TWRNs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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